Cox’s Bazar District has two cyclone seasons per year; April-May and October-November with monsoon season from June to September. During this time strong winds and severe rain can be expected. Shelters of Rohingya community are in high risk of damage caused by the weather events such as flooding, landslides and wind damage.
Guiding principles of shelter preparedness is making shelters as sturdy and resilient as possible with limited available resources. This can be achieved by incorporating DRR in regular shelter programming and ensuring the sturdiness of shelter through provision of additional materials and messaging. This however will only minimize the impact rather than eliminate it. Both tie down materials and strengthening of community structures will not render those structures safe in case of stronger winds and/or cyclone.
Regular shelter programming
transitional shelter assistance (TSA)
Mid-term shelter (MTS)
Prepositioning of materials
Stop gap measure
Blanket re-distribution of rope and metal pegs/sand bags and messaging (tie down your shelter, strengthen connections, create and maintain your drainage)
Support with strengthening community facilities and temporary communal shelters
Basic Guidance for strengthening/upgrading existing community facilities/structures and orientation on strengthening community facilities
Partners supporting other sectors with strengthening community facilities Guiding principle of response is to ensure that households have access to safe, private covered space as soon as possible after shelter has been damaged or destroyed. As well as to support households to either relocate to safer locations or recover their shelter in its existing space to its previous condition.
The Purpose of emergency response is not to make significant improvements to the shelters.
Assessment of shelter damage
Support affected households with:
Constriction support (when needed) and materials to repair damaged shelter
Shelter in temporary communal shelters or relocation to a safer location (referring to SMS)
Source: International Organization for Migration, Shelter Cluster